At the edge of the Sele plains, where Cilento begins, is Paestum. It is one of the
most precious of the archaeological gems of Italy, known the world over, especially
for its spectacular Doric temples. Legend attributes them to the Argonauts of Greek
mythology, but it was the inhabitants of Sibari that founded Paestum in the VI century
The city, first called Poseidonia, soon became one of the most flourishing of the
Mediterranean sea. Its demise coincided with the fall of the Roman Empire. The buildings
were stripped for the construction of churches and palaces, and the ruins forgotten
until the 18th century, when travelers began to return here.
The three Doric temples from the V century BC, among the best preserved of all of
antiquity, are the marvels of this Archaeological Park, as they stand majestically
on the plains in front of the sea: the Temple of Neptune, the Basilica and the temple
of Cerere. The first two are tied to the cult of Hera (Greek goddess of marriage
and wife of Zeus). The 5 Km long walls constitute one of the best preserved fortified
structures in all Magna Grecia.
In summer the "Night trails" amid the Temples of Paestum permit the visitors
to enjoy the archaeological area by moonlight, a magical experience.
In the area of the Roman city, apart from the Capitolium, there are other significant
remains: the Forum, the Amphitheatre and the remains of various religious structures.
To the west of the temples is Via Sacra, the street of the processions, the foundations
of which are Greek.
Not far from the excavation is the Archaeological Museum of Paestum, home to some
of the most important works in Southern Italy. The most important are the frescoes
from the V century BC "Tomb of the Diver". It is a painted box tomb, made
up of four lateral slabs, decorated with banquet scenes. The cover depicts a diving
boy: the scene probably symbolizes the passage from life to the world of dead.
The sculptured metopes are important decorative elements of the temples, as are
the frescoes of the IV century BC lucanian tombs, with the typical "Return
of the warrior" scenes.
The Aeneolithic relics of Gaudo necropolis are preserved here, as well as archaic,
(the terracotta Zeus statue), classic and Hellenistic (the bronze statue of Sileno
Marsia) era items. In the museum the full room "tomb of a man and a woman"
from Agropoli has been reconstructed. With the buried couple there is also a famous
vase on which the myth of Bellerophon is painted, signed by Assteas. The relics
of the nearby sanctuary of Hera Argiva, the Heraion of Sele, are also kept there.
By: Italia Lifestyle Locali d'Autore
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